Bifidobacterium breve Bif195 Protects Against Small-intestinal Damage Caused by Acetylsalicylic Acid in Healthy Volunteers
Brynjulf Mortensen, PhD, Clodagh Murphy, MD, John O'Grady, MD, Mary Lucey, MsC, Gafer Elsafi, MD, Lillian Barry, MsC, Vibeke Westphal, PhD, Anja Wellejus, PhD, Oksana Lukjancenko, PhD, Aron C. Eklund, PhD, Henrik Bjørn Nielsen, PhD, Adam Baker, PhD, Anders Damholt, PhD, Johan E.T. van Hylckama Vlieg, PhD, Fergus Shanahan, Prof., Martin Buckley, MD.
Enteropathy and small-intestinal ulcers are common side effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). Safe, cytoprotective strategies are needed to reduce this risk. Specific Bifidobacteria might have cytoprotective activities, but little is known about these effects in humans. We used serial video capsule endoscopy (VCE) to assess the efficacy of a specific Bifidobacterium strain in healthy volunteers exposed to ASA. We performed a single-site, double-blind, parallel-group, proof of concept analysis of 75 heathy volunteers given ASA (300 mg) daily for 6 weeks, from July 31 through October 24, 2017. The participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to groups given oral capsules of Bifidobacterium breve (Bif195; ≥ 5*1010 colony forming units) or placebo, daily for 8 weeks. Small-intestinal damage was analyzed by serial VCE at 6 visits. The area under the curve (AUC) for intestinal damage (Lewis score) and the AUC value for ulcers were the primary and first-ranked secondary endpoint of the trial, respectively.
Efficacy data were obtained from 35 participants given Bif195 and 31 given placebo. The AUC for Lewis score was significantly lower in the Bif195 group (3040 ± 1340 arbitrary units) than the placebo (4351 ± 3195 arbitrary units) (P=.0376). The AUC for ulcer number was significantly lower in the Bif195 group (50.4 ± 53.1 arbitrary units) than in the placebo group (75.2 ± 85.3 arbitrary units) (P=.0258). Twelve adverse events were reported from the Bif195 group and 20 from the placebo group. None of the events were determined to be related to Bif195 intake. In a randomized double-blind trial of healthy volunteers, we found oral Bif195 to safely reduce the risk of small-intestinal enteropathy caused by ASA.
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